The health of the general public is being harmed by poor lifestyles and unhealthy eating habits. It causes a slew of health issues, including cardiovascular disease, metabolic disease, diabetes, obesity, and hypertension. Diabetes is getting increasingly prevalent.
Diabetes affects one out of every three people. This condition is widespread, even among pregnant women. Diabetes affects a large number of pregnant women. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in the third trimester of pregnancy. The gestation period begins on the day of conception and ends on the day of delivery.
Gestational diabetes is diagnosed when a woman develops diabetes throughout her pregnancy. Both the mother and the baby are at risk. It can jeopardize the fetus’s development. It could harm the baby’s health. It is critical to test blood sugar levels frequently to ensure that they remain under control. It has the potential to exacerbate difficulties during the healing process.
Chances of birth defects in case of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes can ultimately affect the health of both the mother and the baby. But if diabetes remains under control throughout pregnancy then the chances of birth defects are minimal. Healthy delivery is possible without any sort of birth defects. Chances of birth defects depend upon pre-pregnancy BMI. If pre-pregnancy BMI is 25 or more than 25 then there are immense chances of birth defects.
Various types of birth defects caused by gestational defects
- Delivery of large baby – There are almost 50 % chances of delivering a big baby in the case of gestational diabetes. This can further make the delivery more complicated for both the mother as well as the baby. This can further increase the complications. A major complication is an injury to the mother as well as a newborn. This is harmful to the baby. In most cases the delivery of the baby through the natural process becomes difficult and the mother has to undergo C- section. This surgery is also associated with multiple complications.
- Hypoglycemia– This is the most common problem that babies have to face in case of delivery with gestational diabetes. Under such a situation, the levels of blood sugar go down. The levels are less than normal. This can further worsen the condition. It can cause loss of consciousness and sometimes death also. Low sugar levels are riskier than high blood sugar levels. It can also cause weakness in the baby. heart palpitations are also very common in such cases.
- Neonatal jaundice– It is the condition in which the baby looks pale. Discoloration of the skin is the main symptom. It arises due to the elevated levels of bilirubin in the body. The white part of the eye becomes yellow. Major symptoms are excess sleepiness. Due to weakness of the liver the chances of poor feeding increase. The level of jaundice depends upon the range of the bilirubin. If it is more than 34, it means the liver is getting weaker due to the presence of jaundice in the body. Digestion is difficult also.
- Respiratory distress syndrome– Under such conditions, the babies face problems in breathing. Due to a shortage of breath, sometimes the newborn is kept on a ventilator.
The ventilator can support the breathing process and make breathing easy. With that proper medication is also a must. Respiratory distress syndrome arises when the levels of surfactant are low in the lungs. Lungs make the surfactant, which is a liquid. It keeps the airways open and makes it easy for the baby to breathe.
Condition of preeclampsia– It is a condition that can lead to high blood pressure. High blood pressure is dangerous. It can damage any organ of the body. It mostly affects the kidney and liver. Major symptoms are high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Sometimes it can cause swelling in the legs of the pregnant woman.
Doctors can keep the blood pressure under control through medication. Regular intake of medicine is necessary to keep the blood pressure under control. High blood pressure can also lead to paralysis.
Haemorrhage- In rare and very serious cases, there can be the possibility of hemorrhage. To avoid such critical situations, a pregnant woman with gestational diabetes needs to take extra care of herself during pregnancy. It is a critical condition where blood oozes out of the ruptured blood vessel. The possibility of a situation is very rare.
Heart disease- It is a major complication. The baby might suffer from heart disease. This situation arises only if blood sugar levels are very high. It can affect the normal functioning of the heart. It can cause sudden chest pain or even cardiac arrest in newborns. It is among the rarest of the cases. However, it is completely possible to avoid it.
Stillbirth- Gestational diabetes if not kept under control can also give rise to a situation of delivering a dead baby.
How to keep blood sugar levels normal and avoid birth defects in case of gestational diabetes
- Healthy diet– diet is the most important factor in keeping the blood sugar levels normal. It can help a lot in keeping all the complications at bay. It is imperative to focus more on diet and try to eat something super healthy and full of nutrition. So, it is better to consult a dietician who can guide the female during pregnancy to follow a healthy diet chart.
- Exercise regularly– Regular exercise is of utmost importance. It can keep both mother and baby fit. Yoga can help a lot in this direction. It gives required oxygen to the brain and keeps it fresh. This can minimize stress levels. Deep breathing exercises are also helpful.
- Take sufficient rest– Taking sufficient rest can relax the mind and keep the blood sugar levels normal. Blood glucose increases if the mind is restless.
- Avoid sugar– it is advisable to take less sugar as much as possible. This can keep the blood sugar levels in range.
By taking the above precautions it is possible to get rid of all sorts of difficulties that are associated with gestational diabetes.