Gestational diabetes diet and meal plan- what to expect
Diabetes is becoming a common problem these days with every fourth person suffering from it. The main reason for this is the change in the lifestyle and lack of exercise. Even in pregnant ladies, this problem is wide-spread. Many pregnant women have diabetes. Diabetes that arises during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes.
Having diabetes during pregnancy is risky as it might badly affect the health of the baby. One needs to monitor the blood sugar levels regularly and make sure that it stays under control. Otherwise, it might cause a problem at the time of delivery which might be difficult to handle.
A pregnant woman with diabetes needs to focus more on a diet which should be very healthy . An unhealthy diet plan will increase the levels of blood glucose. The lifestyle should be good. Physical activity is necessary. It is advisable to take a walk regularly. The walk can help balance the increasing levels of sugar in the bodies. It will make a pregnant woman more energetic and active. But the lady must not do a workout without consulting the doctor. Otherwise, it might cause a problem during the pregnancy.
A pregnant woman can opt for various diet plans to keep healthy during pregnancy. There is a need to follow the diet plan strictly for a smooth pregnancy. Following a good diet plan will be beneficial for the growth of the baby also.
Diet and meal plan in case of gestational diabetes
To satisfy the taste buds, one can go for various meal plans. It will not make the diet boring, and a lady or any other person will be able to relish the food one eats. A doctor or a dietician can help chalk out a diet plan keeping in mind the growth of the child in the womb.
These plans may be different for vegetarians and non-vegetarians. There are some points which need to be considered while making the plan for gestational diabetes. One needs to ensure to take the best diet plan for a smooth and healthy pregnancy.
One must go for whole grains– Eating whole grains is very healthy as they have many benefits. Whole grains lower the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure. Patients with gestational diabetes must avoid white bread. Wholegrains are healthy for the heart. They reduce the risk of heart disease and also help in keeping the body weight under control.
Do not take proteins that have fat.
For gestational diabetes, the patient needs to take proteins but has to take care that the proteins are mostly fat-free. The patient must try to avoid eating cheese, dark chocolates, whole eggs, and fatty fish. Instead, white-fleshed fish, plain Greek yogurt, beans, and peas can be consumed. Lentils are low in fat and rich in proteins. Tofu also contains proteins.
One should always prefer proteins that can be obtained from green leaves- green leafy vegetables are good for health as they help in reducing cholesterol too. It keeps our HB good. For a pregnant woman, it is essential to keep the HB high. That helps in delivery.
Concentrate on large quantities of fruits and vegetables– The diet must contain more fruits and vegetables. Fruits are rich in fibers and also improve digestion. They also reduce the chances of constipation. Fruits are rich in vitamin c that has a high quantity of anti-oxidants. Fruits are also rich in folic acids that are good for pregnant ladies.
Eating dairy products that have low fat is good for health. A pregnant woman should try to eat low-fat dairy products. Low-fat dairy products reduce obesity and lower the risk of diabetes. For some people high-fat dairy products are difficult to digest.
Keep eating something after a few hours interval– A patient with diabetes must not give a large gap between two meals. A pregnant woman with gestational diabetes must take small meals at regular intervals.
Avoid sugar as much as possible. Sugar is bad for diabetic patients. If required It is better to go for a sugar-free option. Diabetic patients should keep in mind the harm eating sugar can cause.
For non-vegetarians, the doctors might add chicken and eggs to the diet plan. It is advisable to eat boiled chicken. It is healthy. One should be careful of eating fried chicken and chicken with heavy gravies. That might cause obesity and can increase the levels of blood sugar.
By following a healthy diet, one can keep gestational diabetes under control. Diabetes can be harmful to the healthy growth of a baby in a pregnant woman. One should try to follow a balanced diet plan and keep diabetes in control.
A pregnant woman needs to take the right amount of calories. Some amount of fiber and proteins are also essential. Proper guidance from the dietician can help to manage gestational diabetes. Under the guidance of a doctor a pregnant woman can take multivitamins as they are necessary for the growth of the baby.
Magnesium intake is of utmost importance. If a female has a magnesium deficiency, then the chances of getting gestational diabetes increase. So, doctors normally add magnesium to the diet of the patient having gestational diabetes.
The best source of magnesium is nuts. Nuts are very nutritious and healthy and contain a large amount of magnesium.
Legumes also contain magnesium. A patient can consume legumes in large quantities to increase the intake of magnesium.
Tofu is a rich source of protein, calcium, and magnesium.
Pumpkin seeds and chia seeds are also rich in calcium and magnesium.
One can also take flax seeds which are a rich source of Omega-3.
Banana is another source of magnesium. It gives energy and increases stamina.
One can take supplements also. They can help cover all sorts of deficiencies in the body.
Diet and meal plan play an important role in keeping blood sugar levels in control and are essentially needed to be taken care for by pregnant women.