Gestational diabetes- diagnosis and treatment
Gestational diabetes is becoming very common these days. Many pregnant women are facing this problem. It is all due to the poor lifestyles. Gestation period is the period from the date of conceiving till the date of delivery.
During the early stages of pregnancy, there are chances of getting diabetes. Sugar is something that people get from the daily diet as it gives sufficient energy to the body to function effectively. But it is necessary to consume it in required quantity; otherwise, it may lead to some kind of disorder. In that case, the body will not produce insulin.
It the presence of insulin in our body that can help the body in keeping the sugar or glucose levels low. The major role of the insulin is to convert the sugar into proteins. This further helps in bringing the sugar levels down. If insulin is not produced in the required amount, the sugar consumed will not be broken down into proteins and this would increase the sugar levels in the body.
Diagnosis of gestational diabetes
If we talk about the symptoms of the gestational diabetes, there are not many symptoms of it. Most of the pregnant women experience fatigue in the early years of pregnancy. Sometimes it becomes difficult to differentiate between the fatigue due to pregnancy or due to the diabetes.
Mostly women experience urination problem during the early phases of pregnancy. But same is the symptom in case of diabetes. Now the question arises- what is the process of diagnosis of gestational diabetes? Doctors take the blood samples to conduct the diagnosis of gestational diabetes. There are following test that can be undertaken to diagnose the blood sugar levels.
- Glucose challenge test in the initial stages- This is the test that is undertaken to diagnose gestational diabetes in an initial stage. The method that used in this test is to drink glucose in the form of a syrup solution. After that, sometimes the patient is observed and then a blood sample is taken. The blood sample helps to measure the levels of sugar in the blood. If the sugar levels are 190mg/dl, then it indicates the presence of high glucose level. It means that the patient is suffering from gestational diabetes. If the levels are below 140, then it means that the sugar levels are normal and there is no need to worry. But if levels are high, then the patient undergoes another test that is follow- up glucose tolerance testing.
- What is follow- up glucose tolerance testing – Under this test, the process is almost same as the initial one, but no sugar syrup is given in this case. Simple process is to check the levels of the sugar in the body after every hour. This is done for at the least 3 hours. If levels are high even for two times then it is the case of gestational diabetes.
Treatment of gestational diabetes
If someone is diagnosed with gestational diabetes, then there is no need to worry a lot. Every problem comes with a solution. With proper care and precautions, a patient can easily maintain the normal sugar levels.
- Change our daily routine – The daily routine contributes a lot in keeping a person healthy and fit. The fitness depends largely on the timing of sleep and waking up. Getting enough sleep and rising early in the morning is a good life changing habit. This gives an individual enough time to be in nature. Additionally, walking, running or exercising in the morning is highly beneficial as it helps the body to take in fresh air as well as sunlight; both of which are essentially required to keep the body functioning in a normal manner.
- Keep checking the levels of sugar– It is essential to monitor the sugar levels. This must be done on daily basis. It is essential to maintain stable sugar levels. If the sugar levels are fluctuating a lot, it shows that there are some issues with the body and a doctor must be consulted to avoid any adverse impacts on the body.
- Diet- It is essential to follow a very healthy diet plan. It is the diet only that makes the body. An unhealthy diet plan might be harmful especially for pregnant females. Following are some recommendations for pregnant women:
- Always go for homemade and fresh food.
- Do not eat stale food and packed food that can be harmful for both mother as well as baby.
- Eat more of fruits and diet that contains more of proteins.
- Drink plenty of water and drink milk and eat curd.
- Do not eat fried snacks.
- Avoid sugar as much as possible.
- The patient can go for fresh green vegetables that will give energy. Eat more of green leafy vegetables to stay fit and healthy.
- Take medicines as prescribed by the Doctor- It is essential to exercise on regular basis. With exercise, it is essential to take in a take healthy diet. But the most important thing is to consult a doctor on regular basis and take the medicines that the doctor recommends. Medicines are needed on a regular basis to keep the sugar levels in the body in check. If these medicines are skipped or not consumed as recommended by the doctor, the body may experience fluctuations in the sugar level that can be harmful for the mother as well as the baby.
- Check the growth of baby- It is essential to make sure that the growth and development of the baby is perfect. If any discrepancy is observed in the development of the baby, the best is to consult the doctor immediately without wasting time. Otherwise the delay in this situation might be risky.
So, with proper care and medication and a healthy lifestyle, it is possible to control gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is not an incurable problem. To make sure that pregnant women keep this problem at bay, it is essential to follow a healthy lifestyle as well as take care of the overall health of the body.