These days, gestational diabetes is fairly frequent. This is a condition that many pregnant women face. It’s all because of people’s bad habits. Our everyday schedule has a significant role in this. Such conditions can also be caused by our poor eating habits. The gestation period is defined as the time between conception and delivery.
There is a danger of developing diabetes during the first trimester of pregnancy. Sugar is a substance that we consume regularly, and it provides our bodies with enough energy to function properly. However, it is vital to consume it in the appropriate quantity. Otherwise, it may result in a state of disarray. In that event, our bodies will not create insulin, or if they do, they will not utilize it properly.
Insulin is a hormone that helps our bodies maintain healthy blood sugar and glucose levels. Without insulin, we wouldn’t be able to survive. Insulin’s primary function is to convert sugar into proteins. This also aids in lowering blood sugar levels. Otherwise, whatever sugar we take will not be turned into protein, causing our blood sugar levels to rise.
It is a kind of disability that can affect the development of the baby. It can cause various changes in behavior and sometimes in communication also. It is detrimental to the development of the baby’s brain. It can affect the functioning of the brain. There can be many for this problem. One of them can be gestational diabetes also.
Chances of autism due to gestational diabetes
The risk of autism is more in the case of women who get gestational diabetes in early diabetes. If diabetes is diagnosed at the 26th week or even before then there is more possibility of autism. However, the risk factor is quite less. It is around 1.5 %.
During the early stages of the pregnancy, the brain of the child develops. But if the mother develops diabetes at this stage then it can affect the developmental activities of the brain and it can lead to autism. This happens due to excess glucose in the body. Sometimes it might cause inflammation in the brain also.
How to reduce the risk of autism during pregnancy with gestational diabetes?
- Go for screening– Pregnant women must undergo a glucose tolerance test between the 24th and 28th week of the pregnancy. If the female is overweight then she can undergo such a test even before 24 weeks. Early diagnoses can help a lot in combatting the risks that are associated with gestational diabetes. Otherwise, if the diagnosis does not take on time, it can badly affect the growth of the baby.
Females who have polycystic ovary syndrome have more chances of getting diabetes. Such females must get their screening done before 24 weeks. This can help a lot in avoiding various problems. Those females who have a history of gestational diabetes need to be extra careful. A careless attitude in that case can be risky.
- Go for a repeat Test– it is always advisable to repeat the glucose screening test if the reports of the early tests are negative. Sometimes the tests do not show accurate results. In that case, it is better to repeat the test and avoid all sorts of risks.
- Change the diet- the best way to keep gestational diabetes under control is to change the diet. A female can keep diabetes under control by up to 80 % only by improving her eating habits. It is the diet that finally works on increasing glucose levels.
Various ways can help females to control their diet.
- Consume whole grains– Eating whole grains is beneficial to our health. It offers numerous health advantages. It reduces the risk of diabetes and hypertension. Oatmeal, quinoa, brown rice, barley, and wild rice are examples of whole grains. White bread and white rice are not allowed to be consumed by pregnant women with gestational diabetes. Nutrients and fiber are always abundant in whole grains. Antioxidants can also be found in whole grains. Whole grains are good for our hearts.
- Go for fat-free proteins– Females with gestational diabetes should consume proteins, but only those that are fat-free. Cheese, dark chocolates, entire eggs, and fatty seafood are prohibited for the patient. White-fleshed fish, plain greek yogurt, beans, and peas can be substituted. If we’re looking for a low-fat option, lentils are a great option. Pulses contain all of the essential amino acids. Tofu is also high in protein.
- Increase the intake of fruits and vegetables– More fruits and vegetables should be included in our diet. Fiber is abundant in fruits. They help us digest food better. They also help to prevent constipation. Fruits are high in vitamin C, which contains a lot of antioxidants. Fruits are also high in folic acid, which is beneficial to pregnant women.
- Avoid sugar– Sugar must not be consumed. Sugar is extremely harmful to diabetics. It is preferable to choose a sugar-free choice. Sugar is poisonous to diabetics in particular.
- Physical exercise– It is critical to walk and exercise daily to keep diabetes under control. The exercise should only be carried out under the supervision of a doctor. It is critical to maintaining a healthy level of activity when pregnant. Yoga regularly might be beneficial in this regard.
- Keep a close watch on blood sugar levels – Diabetics must keep on monitoring their blood sugar levels. Check the sugar levels at least four or three times a day. It should be done once in the morning and again an hour after every meal. It will monitor the sugar levels properly.
- Medication- It can help a lot in keeping blood sugar in range. Some patients find it difficult to keep a check on rising glucose levels through proper diet and lifestyle changes. In such cases, doctors prescribe some medicines that can effectively work on diabetes.
It is possible to deliver a healthy baby even in the case of pregnancy with gestational diabetes. There are very limited chances of autism in a baby if proper diet and lifestyle are adopted. With medication also doctors can keep the sugar levels under control.